How do I know if I have an irregular menstrual cycle?
It is normal to have an irregular menstrual cycle from time to time. The length of the cycle can be influenced by several factors, such as strict diets, changes in diet, weight gain or loss, stress, great physical effort. However, if you have several irregular cycles in a row, this may indicate ovulation problems and you should visit a gynecologist.
A normal menstrual cycle usually lasts between 21 and 35 days. Irregular periods symptoms can be these:
- the time between two menstrual periods starts to vary, you get your menstruation more than a few days earlier or later
- you have significantly more or less profuse bleeding than usual
- the duration of menstruation varies considerably from cycle to cycle
What causes menstrual irregularities?
The causes of irregularities can be numerous, the most common are:
the absence of ovulation that may occur occasionally. It most often occurs in the first years of menstruation and in the years before menopause. This cycle is generally different from the usual in some manifestations – eg late menstruation, absence of breast pain before menstruation, no typical jump in the growth of basal body temperature, absence of “fertile” cervical mucus, etc.
Contraceptives or certain medications
can cause various cycle disorders.
can cause a variety of disorders, including bleeding between periods and prolonged bleeding.
less bleeding and less frequent menstruation.
Polyps on the inner wall of the uterus
cause unexpected bleeding of varying volume and frequency, bleeding between periods, very heavy bleeding.
Eating disorders, sudden weight loss, excessive exercise
eating disorders such as anorexia, big weight loss, as well as excessive exercise can disrupt the menstrual cycle.
Polycystic ovaries (PCOS)
women with this endocrine disorder may have irregular cycles, as well as enlarged ovaries due to a large number of small cysts (follicles) that can be seen on ultrasound.
Premature ovarian failure
this means loss of ovarian function before the age of 40. Women with this disorder may have irregular or intermittent cycles throughout the year.
Inflammatory disease of the pelvis
this infection of the reproductive organs can cause irregular menstrual bleeding.
Fibroids in the uterus
these are benign growths in the uterus. They can cause increased bleeding and prolonged menstruation.
How do I stay pregnant with irregular menstrual cycles?
If you have irregular cycles, you can definitely stay pregnant, although you may need more time and patience. It is very important to determine the cause of irregular cycles, and accordingly to come up with the best way of treatment in order to optimize the chances of conception.
There are a few things that can help you before accessing medications and therapy.
These are a few lifestyle changes that you need to try:
- A healthy, balanced diet
Avoid fast foods and foods with refined carbohydrates and fats. Instead, try whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Maintain a healthy weight
Losing a few pounds through a moderate diet and physical activity, especially if you have PCOS, may be just what you need to do. Also, if you are underweight, try to gain some weight. Extremely low body fat can disrupt estrogen levels which can cause irregular cycles.
- Try some of the supplements designed to improve fertility
These can be prenatal vitamins that are recommended to every woman who wants to get pregnant.
Although irregular cycles are quite successfully treated with medication, it is very important to establish all the causes that can affect ovulation problems, such as the condition of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and pituitary gland. After that, the doctor will recommend the appropriate therapy.